Indonesia contains some of Asia‘s most biodiverse and threatened forests. The challenges result from both long-term management problems and the political, social, and economic turmoil of the past few years. The contributors to Which Way Forward? explore recent events in Indonesia, while focusing on what can be done differently to counter the destruction of forests due to asset-stripping, corruption, and the absence of government authority. Contributors to the book include anthropologists, economists, foresters, geographers, human ecologists, and policy analysts. Their concerns include the effects of government policies on people living in forests, the impact of the economic crisis on small farmers, links between corporate debt and the forest sector, and the fires of the late 1990s. By analyzing the nation‘s dramatic circumstances, they hope to demonstrate how Indonesia as well as other developing countries might handle their challenges to protect biodiversity and other resources, meet human needs, and deal with political change. The book includes an afterword by Emil Salim, former Indonesian Minister of State for Population and the Environment and former president of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme. A copublication of Resources for the Future and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and the Institute for Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS).
Table of Contents
Foreword Jeff Sayer Introduction 1. Changing Policy Discourses and Traditional Communities, 1960-1999 Rachel Wrangham 2. Ideas and Institutions in Social Forestry Policy Rita Lindayati 3. Responsibility, Accountability, and National Unity in Village Governance Chris P.A. Bennett 4. Devolution and Indonesia's New Forestry Law Eva Wollenberg and Hariadi Kartodihardjo 5. Differing Perspectives on Community Forestry in Indonesia Jeffrey Y. Campbell 6. Reforming the Reformists in Post-Soeharto Indonesia Chip Fay and Martua Sirait 7. Structural Problems in Implementing New Forest Policies in Indonesia Hariadi Kartodihardjo 8. Timber Management and Related Policies: An Overview Ida Aju Pradnja Resosudarmo 9. HPH Timber Concession Reform: Questioning the 'Sustainable Logging' Paradigm Christopher Barr 10. The Political Economy of Indonesia's Oil Palm Subsector Anne Casson 11. Effects of Crisis and Political Change, 1997-1999 William D. Sunderlin 12. Corporate Debt and the Indonesian Foresty Sector Christopher Barr, David Brown, Anne Casson, and David Kaimowitz 13. Forest Fires in Indonesia: Impacts and Solutions Grahame Applegate, Ross Smith, James J. Fox, Andrew Mitchell, David Packham, Nigel J. Tapper, and Graham Baines 14. Ten Propositions to Explain Kalimantan's Fires Carol J. Pierce Colfer 15. Forests and Regional Autonomy: The Challenge of Sharing the Profits and Pains Ahmad Dermawan and Ida Aju Pradjna Resosudarmo 16. Dynamics of Illegal Logging in Indonesia Richard G. Dudley Conclusion Appendix I: Timeline of Significant Indonesian Legislation Appendix II: Abbreviations and Acronyms Appendix III: Glossary Afterword: Indonesian Forests and People In Change Emil Salim
Carol J. Pierce Colfer is team leader of the CIFOR program on Local People, Devolution and Adaptive Collaborative Management of Forests and coeditor of People Managing Forests: The Links between Human Well-Being and Sustainability. Ida Aju Pradnja Resosudarmo is leader of CIFOR's Underlying Causes of Deforestation, Forest Degradation, and Changes in Human Welfare program.
'The asset stripping of Indonesia‘s forests is laid bare in this book, as is the current opportunity for the government of Indonesia to introduce change in response to the demands of the population. . . .Which Way Forward is highly recommended for those interested in forest policy at the local, national and international level. It represents a unique overview of the forestry sector of Indonesia and is a must for anyone considering working in the forestry sector of Indonesia, or indeed anywhere in South East Asia.' International Forestry Review