Safety critical jobs in fields such as aviation and nuclear power plants require a careful and comprehensive analysis of all factors relevant to critical job performance. Understanding how these factors uniquely and in combination, affect performance requires interconnecting a job performance database with several other information databases. The scientific method is necessary to ensure information quality; to solve problems or project trends; and to correctly evaluate changes in selection, training, performance evaluation, the person-machine interface, or team dynamics. Combining the scientific method with the construction, validation and use of the information databases results in a Scientific Information System (SIS), which joins practical utility with powerful evauations of relevant theories. This book discusses how to blend scientific methods with the broad capabilities of computer database information systems. This synthesis will aid anyone who is trying to explain, predict, or change the behavior of a complex system involving humans. Whilst developed from research on information systems in the aviation industry, the principles and methods are universal and the book provides conceptual guidance for the construction and use of such systems in other domains. The examples clarify the advantages of this type of information system and the enormous potential power for understanding a target system completely and accurately.
Table of Contents
Contents: Overview and introduction; Basic data quality; Scientific data quality; Evaluating theories; Solving problems with a SIS; Structural modeling methods; Dynamic modeling based on states and events; Dynamic modeling based on functions; Personnel selection and evaluation with a SIS; Personal training with a SIS; Analyzing the job context; Information management; Bibliography.
Dr. Robert W. Holt is Professor at the Human Factors and Applied Cognition Laboratory, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA. He has pursued group and individual research over several years culminating in pilot/crew research with the FAA. This text combines his psychological research and computer science applications training with the FAA research experiences. He obtained an MS in Computer Science from Virginia Tech in 1990, specializing in modeling and artificial intelligence, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois in Social and Quantitative Psychology.