Modern Art and Modernism offers firsthand material for the study of issues central to the development of modern art, its theory, and criticism. The history of modern art is not simply a history of works of art, it is also a history of ideas interpretations. The works of critics and theorists have not merely been influential in deciding how modern art is to be seen and understood, they have also influenced the course it has taken. The nature of modern art cannot be understood without some analysis of the concept of Modernism itself.Modern Art and Modernism presents a selection of texts by the major contributors to debate on this subject, from Baudelaire and Zola in the nineteenth century to Greenberg and T. J. Clark in our own times. It offers a balanced section of essays by contributors to the mainstream of Modernist criticism, representative examples of writing on the themes of abstraction and expression in modern art, and a number of important contributions to the discussion of aesthetics and the social role of the artist. Several of these are made available in English translation for the first time, and others are brought together from a wide range of periodicals and specialized collections.This book will provide an invaluable resource for teachers and students of modern art, art history, and aesthetics, as well as for general readers interested in the place of modern art in culture and history.
Table of Contents
* Introduction Introductory Texts * Modernist Painting Clement Greenberg. * Historical Interpretation Sir Karl Popper. Modern Life, Modernit And Modernism * The Salon of 1846: On the Heroism of Modern Life Charles Baudelaire. * The Salon of 1859: The Modern Public and Photography C. Baudelaire. * Edouard Manet Emile Zola. * The Impressionists and Edouard Manet Stphane Mallarm. * LExposition des Indpendants in 1880 J. K. Huysmans. * From Gauguin and Van Gogh to Classicism Maurice Denis. * Czanne M. Denis. The Development Of Modernism * The Aesthetic Hypothesis Clive Bell. * The Debt to Czanne C. Bell. * An Essay in Aesthetics Roger Fry. * The French Post-Impressionists R. Fry. * American-Type Painting C. Greenberg. * Collage C. Greenberg. * Master Lger C. Greenberg. * Three American Painters Michael Fried. * What is Revolutionary Art? Herbert Read. * Barnett Newman Donald Judd. Abstraction * From the Easel to the Machine Nikolai Tarabukin. * On Non-Objective Painting Bertolt Brecht. * The Beauty of Non-Objectivity Hilla Rebay. * Illusion and Visual Deadlock Ernst Gombrich. Expressionism * Abstraction and Empathy Wilhelm Worringer. * Expressionism Hermann Bahr. * Abstraction and Mysticism Sheldon Cheney. * Expression and Communication E. Gombrich. * Art and Inquiry Nelson Goodman. Art And Society * The Development of Modern Art Julius Meier-Graefe. * Literature and Revolution Leon Trotsky. * The Author as Producer Walter Benjamin. * The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction W. Benjamin. * Poetic Evidence Paul Eluard. * Popularity and Realism B. Brecht. * The Sociological Approach: The Concept of Ideology in the History of Art Arnold Hauser. * Lger John Berger. * Art History and Class Struggle Nicos Hadjinicolaou. * On the Social History of Art T. J. Clark. * Preliminaries to a Possible Treatment of Olympia in 1865 T. J. Clark. * The Laundress in Late Nineteenth-century French Culture Eunice Lipton. * Les Donnes Bretonnantes: La Prairie de la Reprsentation Fred Orton and Griselda Pollock.