This book investigates the factors that led to the breakdown of democracy and the rise of violent separatism in Jammu and Kashmir in the 1980s, and how the risk of a large-scale war has grown in South Asia in the 1990s. Solutions to this conflict need to be based on knowledge about what caused it as well as perspectives on why this conflict is so particularly dangerous. Widmalm offers answers in this book, with systematic comparisons over time to establish the causes of the conflict. He refutes the contention that ethnic factors are the main cause, while acknowledging that ethnic dividing lines are salient features of the conflict today. Interviews with representatives of the Indian government, the ISI in Pakistan and separatist leaders in Jammu and Kashmir are also incorporated.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. Explaining Violent Separatism 3. Jammu and Kashmir in Transition 4. The Rise and Fall of Democracy in Jammu and Kashmir 5. Avoiding Violent Separatism in India 6. Causes of Violent Separatism and the Role of Ethnicity 7. Kashmir and the Risk of Nuclear War in South Asia
Sten Widmalm is Assistant Professor at the Department of Government, Uppsala University, and lectures in comparative politics, South Asia studies, and the field of development and conflict studies. Besides carrying out research on the conflict in Kashmir, Widmalm is currently working on a study of the Panchayat reforms in India.