This study, first published in 1978, compares the ways in which the systems in England, Scotland and the United States balance the necessity of meeting children’s needs against the protection of their rights. Three approaches to juvenile justice are identified; the criminal justice, the welfare, and the community approach. This book will be of interest to students of sociology, criminology and social work.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements; Preface; 1. Juvenile justice systems 2. United States: historical background to the juvenile court – before 1900 3. United States: from the first juvenile court to the present 4. United States: the present juvenile justice system 5. Britain: the events leading to the 1908 Children Act 6. England and Wales: the present law 7. Scotland: the present law 8. The balance in the statutes 9. The people who run the juvenile justice system 10. Recognising and controlling discretion 11. Continuing concerns and new forms of intervention; References; Bibliography