This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
In today’s world, there are new opportunities for disaster communications through modern technology and social media. Social network applications such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram can connect friends, family, first responders, and those providing relief and assistance. However, social media and other modern communication tools have their limitations. They can be affected by disaster situations where there are power outages or interrupted cellular service. The research contained in this valuable compendium offers much-needed information for emergency responders, utility companies, relief organizations, and governments as they invest in infrastructure to support post-disaster communications.
In order to make use of modern communication methods, as well as fully utilize more traditional communication networks, it is imperative that we understand how people actually communicate in the wake of a disaster situation and how various communication strategies can best be utilized. Communication during and immediately after a disaster situation is a vital component of response and recovery. Effective communication connects first responders, support systems, and family members with the communities and individuals immersed in the disaster. Reliable communication also plays a key role in a community’s resilience.
With research from internationally recognized experts, this volume provides an overview of communication challenges and best-practice analyses, looks at the internet and social media and mobile phones and other technology for disaster communication, and explores the challenges to effective communication.
- Presents a quality improvement project that gathered expert consensus on best practices used to improve disaster communication
- Analyzes the information dissemination mechanisms of different media to establish an efficient information dissemination plan for disaster pre-warning, including short message service (SMS), microblogs, news portals, cell phones, television, and oral communication
- Gauges the effectiveness of disaster risk communication
- Looks at the future of social media use during emergencies and afterwards
- Proposes a disaster resilient network that integrates various wireless networks into a cognitive wireless network in the event of disaster occurrences
Effective Communication During Disasters: Making Use of Technology, Media, and Human Resources is an informative, multi-faceted resource on preparedness planning for effective communication before, during, and after a disaster occurs.
Table of Contents
Preparing for Effective Communications During Disasters: Lessons from a World Health Organization Quality Improvement Project
Laura N. Medford-Davis and G.Bobby Kapur
Information Dissemination Analysis of Different Mediatowards the Application for Disaster Pre-Warning
Nan Zhang, Hong Huang, Boni Su, Jinlong Zhao, and Bo Zhang
The Effectiveness of Disaster Risk Communication: A Systematic Review of Intervention Studies
Declan T Bradley, Marie McFarland, and Mike Clarke
Near-Real-Time Analysis of Publicly Communicated Disaster Response Information
Trevor Girard, Friedemann Wenzel, Bijan Khazai, Tina Kunz-Plapp,
James E. Daniell, and Susan A. Brink
The Future of Social Media Use During Emergencies in Australia: Insights from the 2014 Australian and New Zealand Disaster and Emergency Management Conference Social Media Workshop
Olga Anikeeva, Malinda Steenkamp, and Paul Arbon
Resilient Disaster Network Based on Software Defined Cognitive Wireless Network Technology
Goshi Sato, Noriki Uchida, and Yoshitaka Shibata
Web 2.0 and Internet Social Networking: A New tool for Disaster Management? Lessons from Taiwan
Cheng-Min Huang, Edward Chan, and Adnan A. Hyder
Global Health and Natural Disaster Alerts: Preparing Mobile Phones to Endure the Unthinkable
Wladimir J. Alonso, Cynthia Schuck-Paim, and Ghassem R. Asrar
What it Takes to Get Passed On: Message Content, Style, and Structure as Predictors of Retransmission in the Boston Marathon Bombing Response
Jeannette Sutton, C. Ben Gibson, Emma S. Spiro, Cedar League,
Sean M. Fitzhugh, and Carter T. Butts
Leveraging Public Health Nurses for Disaster Risk Communication in Fukushima City: A Qualitative Analysis of Nurses’ Written Records of Parenting Counseling and Peer Discussions
Aya Goto, Rima E. Rudd, Alden .Y Lai, Kazuki Yoshida, Yuu Suzuki Donald D. Halstead, Hiromi Yoshida-Komiya, and Michael R. Reich
Communication, Perception, and Behaviour During a Natural Disaster Involving a "Do Not Drink" anda Subsequent "Boil Water" Notice: A Postal Questionnaire Study
Gabriella Rundblad, Olivia Knapton, and Paul R. Hunter
Girish Bobby Kapur, MD, MPH, is the Chief of Emergency Medicine at Jackson Memorial Hospital (JMH) in Miami, Florida, and was recruited in 2015 to bring transformative change in the delivery of high-quality acute patient care at one of the nation’s busiest emergency centers. In addition, Dr. Kapur is launching an academic platform with his colleagues at JMH based on clinical excellence, innovative education, translational research, and public health outreach at the Jackson Health System and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. Dr. Kapur is an internationally recognized emergency physician and public health expert who previously served as the Associate Chief for Academic Affairs and the Founding Residency Program Director in the Section of Emergency Medicine and an Associate Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) from 2009-2015.
Based on his international and academic accomplishments, Dr. Kapur was also appointed by BCM President Paul Klotman as the Founding Director of the Center for Globalization at Baylor College of Medicine. For two years, Dr. Kapur helped guide the College’s global initiatives and worked with the BCM faculty, residents, and students to fulfill BCM’s mission to be an international leader in academic medicine. In September 2014, Dr. Kapur led a six-person team that trained nearly 1,500 people in Ebola preparedness and response in Nigeria during the middle of the epidemic in the country. Dr. Kapur was also a co-investigator on the USAID grant "Fighting Ebola: A Grand Challenge" that was one of twelve grants awarded from over 1,500 submissions. Before his roles at BCM, Dr. Kapur directed global health training programs and international projects at the Ronald Reagan Institute for Emergency Medicine at George Washington University (GWU) from 2004-2009. At GWU, Dr. Kapur established multiple academic training programs and acute healthcare systems with partners in India, China, Latin America and the Middle East. In addition, Dr. Kapur implemented a countrywide project to improve emergency services in Turkey that trained more than 2,000 physicians providing emergency care in Turkey’s national hospitals.
Dr. Kapur has published multiple peer-reviewed papers and is the senior editor for the first textbook in the field of Emergency Public Health titled Emergency Public Health: Preparedness and Response. Dr. Kapur has served as the Chair of the International Committee for both the American College of Emergency Physicians and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. In June 2012, Dr. Kapur was awarded the Order of the International Federation of Emergency Medicine for his contributions to global health and emergency medicine, an honor given to only two US emergency physicians every two years.
Sarah K. Bezek, MD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Medicine and Section of Emergency Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. She is a graduate of Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center and trained in Emergency Medicine at Yale University. She has been practicing emergency medicine as a board-certified physician working predominantly with underserved populations.
She is on faculty at the National School of Tropical Medicine in Houston, Texas, with special emphasis on education, acute care and trauma in low/middle income countries, and neglected diseases of poverty. She has given lectures both locally and internationally regarding emerging infectious diseases. She has also worked on research in the area of new malarial diagnostics.
She has been awarded for her work with mentorship and medical student education.
Jonathan Dyal’s interest in disaster response began while studying emerging infectious diseases at Stanford University. His commitment to emergency disaster management was solidified by medical relief trips to Bolivia, Ghana, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Dr. Dyal began his career in international disaster response by pursuing his MD at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. While enrolled at Johns Hopkins, he worked with the distinguished faculty of the Center for Global Health to conduct research in Pune, India, on Cryptococcal Meningitis. Before beginning his clinical training, he earned his Master’s in Public Health at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. His thesis focused on the origins of an outbreak of syphilis among high risk groups around Lake Victoria. After graduating from the School of Public Health, Dr. Dyal was awarded a Doris Duke Global Health Fellowship. As a Doris Duke Fellow, he spent a year studying emerging zoonotic diseases and viral hemorrhagic fevers in Uganda. During this time he also enrolled in the University of Minnesota’s Global Health Course. In addition to studying disaster management in low resource settings, this experience prepared him to pursue a Certificate in Tropical Medicine, which was awarded by the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in June 2015.
Dr. Dyal is currently an Emergency Medicine resident at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. As a resident, Dr. Dyal has collaborated with many of the global health and disaster management faculty at Baylor. He has published several articles on emerging infectious diseases, including Chikungunya virus and leptospirosis. Upon graduation, his future plans include working with the Center for Disease Control’s Epidemic Intelligence Service and a Disaster Medicine Fellowship in Emergency Medicine.